This book highlights current Cannabis research: its botany, authentication, biotechnology, in vitro propagation, chemistry, cannabinoids biosynthesis, metabolomics, genomics, biomass production, quality keep an eye on, and pharmacology.
Cannabis sativa L. (Family: Cannabaceae) is likely one of the oldest sources of fiber, food and medicine. This plant has been of interest to researchers, general public and media not only Because of its medicinal properties but also the controversy surrounding its illicit use. Cannabis has a long history of medicinal use in the Middle East and Asia, being first introduced as a medicine in Western Europe in the early 19th century. Because of its a large number of natural constituents, Cannabis is thought of as a chemically complex species. It contains a unique class of terpeno-phenolic compounds (cannabinoids or phytocannabinoids), that have been extensively studied since the discovery of the chemical structure of tetrah
ydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC), commonly referred to as THC, the main constituent responsible for the plant’s psychoactive effects. An additionally important cannabinoid of current interest is Cannabidiol (CBD). There has been a significant interest in CBD and CBD oil (extract of CBD rich Cannabis) over the previous couple of years on account of its reported activity as an antiepileptic agent, particularly its potential use in the remedy of intractable epilepsy in children.